Smart mobility is increasingly becoming a focal point. It is creating new sectors, like Car2Car and Car2Infrastructures communication which comes along with the increase in traffic safety and integration of electric vehicles into the intelligent energy grid (smart grid); including buses and trains. Norms and standards are indispensable, particularly for multimodality and intermodality as well as the coupling of the energy, mobility and information technology (ICT) sectors.
Charging an electric vehicle requires the existence of a suitable infrastructure. Norms and standards define important rules for this. As a result of the standardized charging plug and charging systems, both wired and wireless, the interoperability of several manufacturers is possible which, in turn, results in the electromobility market ramping up.
Norms and standards support the establishment of a Europe-wide and internationally standardized charging infrastructure with standardized charging and plug systems. Thus, at all new charging stations, there is a Type-2 plug for AC-charging in the 3.7 kW, 11 kW, 22 kW and 44 kW output classes. In addition, the combined charging system (CCS) has been established for DC-charging with high charging outputs.
In order for the accounting process to be uniform, standards also specify efficient accounting systems.