Interview with Bernd Horrmeyer
DKE: Mr Horrmeyer, Germany aims to achieve climate neutrality by 2045. In addition, regulations are being enacted at national and international levels in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. How does this relate to heavy-duty commercial vehicles with combustion engines?
Horrmeyer: The EU has adopted a regulation which requires that the emissions from trucks and heavy-duty commercial vehicles be further reduced, initially by 15 % by the year 2025 and 30 % by 2030 compared to 2019. Thus manufacturers in the EU are required to take appropriate measures in order to reduce emissions. And the electrification of vehicle fleets is at the top of the agenda.
Some regions are even more restrictive: In the U.S., for example, specifically in California, vehicles with internal combustion engines are no longer to be registered as of the year 2030. This applies to both passenger cars and lighter vehicles. Furthermore, no heavy-duty commercial vehicles with combustion engines are to be registered as of the year 2035 onward. In this respect intensive efforts are also under way there in order to develop alternative forms of propulsion and to offer them to the market. The electrification of the drive system is an obvious choice. In China, however, these efforts are being moved in a different direction. In the area of heavy-duty commercial vehicles, the focus is on battery replacement systems.